MS stem cell treatment only a 'miracle' for some Care and supportYour essential guide to social care About social care Choosing care services Social care assessments NHS continuing care Mental capacity Home care Care homes Breaks from caring Carers' rights Young carers All care and support topicsServices near youSee what the NHS offers Choose the right serviceThe Daily Telegraph reports a "miracle" stem cell therapy that reverses multiple sclerosis and which, according to The Sunday Times, gets "wheelchair bound" people dancing.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects nerves in the brain and spinal cord, causing problems with muscle movement, balance and vision. It's an autoimmune disease, where the body's immune system attacks its own nerve cells. There is currently no cure, but many different treatments are available to help with symptoms. This study was mainly about relapsing remitting MS, the most common type, where people have distinct attacks of symptoms, which then fade away either partially or completely. The new louis vuitton shoes karachi treatment was very aggressive. It used high doses of chemotherapy to "knock out" the existing faulty cells of the immune system, before rebuilding it using stem cells taken from the patient's own blood. This, in effect, gave the immune system a chance to reboot from scratch. The therapy was tested in 145 patients and led to significant reductions in their levels of disability in almost 64% of people up to four years after treatment. The downside is that there was no control group. We don't know if some people would have improved on their own, or whether the improvements are any better than best available care. It's also worth noting that not everyone will be able to tolerate the aggressive chemotherapy used, and that the technique did not work for people with more severe or longstanding MS (over 10 years). Find out more about multiple sclerosis. Generally, the papers reported the story accurately. It is always difficult to justify the use of a "miracle" cure, because it means different things to different people and the improvements cited for some people do louis vuitton purses artsy seem worthy of the tag. However, while the treatment looks promising, it's at an louis vuitton alma forum early stage of development. The treatment is very aggressive, and also tested in specific types of MS, so may not be suitable for all people with MS. Similarly, the treatment has not yet been proven effective or safe in large enough groups for the results to be reliable. We have not been able to independently assess if the truth of the claims that "wheelchair bound" MS patients who were treated in this way are now able to dance. What kind of research was this? This was a case series testing a new stem cell treatment in people with relapsing remitting MS or secondary progressive MS. Most people in the study had relapsing remitting MS, which tends to have distinct attacks of symptoms, which then fade away either partially or completely. This is the most common type of MS, affecting around 85% of people with the condition,according to the MS Society. The research also included a smaller group of people with secondary progressive MS. Many people with relapsing remitting MS progress to this form, where there is a sustained build up of disability that no longer fades away. There is no cure for MS, but many different treatments are available to louis vuitton purses las vegas help with symptoms. Case series are useful to test new treatments, but they have several limitations, meaning they can't prove the treatments are effective very accurately or reliably. The big downside is a lack of a comparison group, called a control group. This means that you never know how much better or worse the new treatment is compared with an existing treatment, or doing nothing.
This limitation applies to this study. What did the research involve? The study gave 123 patients with relapsing remitting MS and 28 with secondary progressive MS a stem cell transplant. The transplants were carried out at a single US institution between 2003 and 2014, and researchers followed the patients for up to five years to see how they did.
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