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PSA test for prostate cancer Care and supportYour essential guide to social care About social care Choosing care services Social care assessments NHS continuing care Mental capacity Home care Care homes Breaks from caring Carers' rights Young carers All care and support topicsServices near youSee what the NHS offers Choose the right serviceThe PSA test is a blood testthat can detect the early signs of an enlarged prostate.

It is the most common initial test for men who are worried about prostate cancer. The test, which can be done at a GP surgery, measures the level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. Raised PSA levelsThe amount of PSA in your blood is measured in nanograms of PSA per millilitre of blood (ng/ml). PSA levels can range from less than 1ng/ml to hundreds of ng/ml. If louis vuitton alma vs speedy you're aged 50 to 69, your PSA level is considered raised if it's 3ng/ml or higher. A raised PSA level in your blood maybe a signof prostate cancer. However, other conditions, such as an enlarged prostate, prostatitis, or a urinary infection, can also cause a raised PSA level. There are well known issues with the accuracyof the PSA test and potential harmful consequences,which is why there is currently no national screening programme for prostate cancer in the UK. Instead, louis vuitton bags speedy 35 all men over the age of 50 can access quality information about the PSA test and discuss the option of having a free test with their GP as part of a scheme called the prostate cancer risk management programme (PCRMP). Under PCRMP, your GP will be expected to discuss with you the benefits, limitations, and risks of the PSA test to help you decide whether or not to have it. You should alsobe given a leaflet about PSA testing for prostate cancer. The leaflet provides similar, but more detailed, information to what you'll find on this page. Men are at higher risk of prostate cancer if they have a family history of prostate cancer, are of black ethnic origin, or are overweight or obese. If you are worried about prostate cancer, you should talk to your GP. Read more about prostate cancer, including thesymptoms of prostate cancer and treatments for prostate cancer,in our Health A Z section. Pros and cons of the PSA testPros It may reassure you if the test result is normal. It may give you an indication of cancer before symptoms develop. It may find cancer at an early stage, when treatment could prevent the cancer becoming more advanced. PSA testing may reduce your risk of dying from prostate cancer by 21%. If treatment is successful, youmay avoid the risks of advanced cancer. In cases of advanced cancer, treatment will usually extend life. Cons It can miss cancer and provide false reassurance. It may lead to unnecessary worry and medical tests when there is no cancer. It cannot tell the difference between louis vuitton alma bag replica slow growing and fast growing cancer. It may make you worry by finding slow growing cancer that may never cause any symptoms or shorten your life. To save one life from prostate cancer,27 men would have to be diagnosed with it. Before having the testIf you're having a PSA test, you should not have: an active urinary infection ejaculated in the last 48 hours exercised heavily in the last 48 hours had a prostate biopsy in the last six weeks Each of these may give an inaccurate PSA reading. What happens after the test?There are usually three main options after a PSA test. A normal PSA level If your PSA level is not louis vuitton neverfull media o grande raised, you are unlikely to have cancer. No immediate action is needed, although you may have further PSA tests in the future.

However, the PSA test doesn't always pick up prostate cancer. A slightly raised PSA level Threeout of four men with a raised PSA level will not have prostate cancer. If your PSA level is slightly higher than normal, you probably don't have cancer, but you might need more PSA tests.


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